Monza consists of very long straights and tight chicanes, putting a premium on good braking stability and traction. Formula 1 engines are at full throttle about 77% of the lap, with engine failures common. Formula One cars are set up with mimimal wing angle, to ensure the lowest level of drag on the straights. There are only 3 proper corners at Monza, the two Lesmos and the Parabolica, so cars are set up with maximum performance on the straights.
Monza Circuit has 5.8 km, 53 laps with a race distance of 307 km; 4 highspeed straches, 2 slow turns, 2 ideal spots for overtaking and a top speed around 351 km/h. Best Preview by Mark Webber:
The Monza circuit has been the arena of many fatal accidents, especially in the early years of the Formula One world championship, and has claimed the lives of 52 drivers and 35 spectators.
The original circuit, as used from 1922 to 1933. The starting grid of the "1st Cup Fiera di Milano" race held in 1925. A race in 1925 with cars racing across the bridge. The Florio circuit, used from 1935 to 1937.
With technology still increasing vehicle speeds, the track was modified again in 1979, with added kerbs, extended run-off areas, and tyre-barriers improved, to improve safety for drivers off the track. The infrastructure was also improved, with pits able to accommodate 46 cars, and an upgraded paddock and scrutineering facilities. These changes encouraged world championship motorcycling to return in 1981, but further safety work was undertaken through the 1980s. In the safety conscious years following the death of Ayrton Senna in 1994 (albeit at a different track), the three main long curves were "squeezed" in order to install larger gravel traps, shortening the lap to 5.770 kilometres
In 2007, the run off area at the second chicane was changed from gravel to asphalt. The length of the track in its current configuration is 5.793 kilometres.
Rubens Barrichello recorded the fastest ever pole position lap at Monza in 2004 when he lapped in 1m20.089s and in pre-qualifying session for the same race, Juan Pablo Montoya lapped the track in 1m19.525sec which remains the fastest lap ever recorded in an F1 car.
1950 - FARINA SERAFINI (Alfa Romeo), 1951 ASCARI ALBERTO (Ferrari),1952 - ASCARI ALBERTO (Ferrari), 1953 - FANGIO (Maserati), 1954 - FANGIO (Mercedes Benz), 1955 - FANGIO (Mercedes Benz), 1956 - MOSS (Maserati), 1957 - MOSS (Vanwall), 1958 - BROOKS (Vanwall), 1959 - MOSS (Cooper CLIMAX), 1960 - HILL PHIL (Ferrari), 1961 - HILL PHIL (Ferrari), 1962 - HILL GRAHAM (BRM), 1963 - CLARK (Lotus CLIMAX), 1964 - Surtees (Ferrari), 1965 - Stewart (BRM) (BRM) (BRABHAM), 1966 - SCARFIOTTI (Ferrari), 1967 - SURTEES (Honda), 1968 - HULME (MCLAREN FORD), 1969 - STEWART (MATRA FORD), 1970 - REGAZZON (Ferrari), 1971 - GETHIN (BRM), 1972 - Fittipaldi (LOTUS FORD), 1973 - PETERSON (LOTUS FORD), 1974 - PETERSON (LOTUS FORD), 1975 - REGAZZONI (FERRARI), 1976 - PETERSON (MARCH FORD), 1977 - ANDRETTI MARIO (LOTUS FORD), 1978 - LAUDA (BRABHAM A. Romeo), 1979 - SCHECKTER (Ferrari), 1980 - Imola - PIQUET (BRABHAM), 1981 - Prost (Renault), 1982 - ARNOUX (Renault), 1983 - PIQUET (BRABHAM BMW), 1984 - LAUDA (McLaren Porsche), 1985 - PROST (McLaren Porsche), 1986 - PIQUET (Williams Honda), 1987 - PIQUET (Williams Honda), 1988 - BERGER (Ferrari), 1989 - PROST (McLaren Honda), 1990 - SENNA (McLaren Honda), 1991 - MANSELL (Williams Renault), 1992 - SENNA (McLaren Honda), 1993 - HILL DAMON (Williams Renault), 1994 - HILL DAMON (Williams Renault), 1995 - HERBERT (Benetton Renault), 1996 - SCHUMACHER (Ferrari), 1997 - COULTHARD (McLaren), 1998 - SCHUMACHER (Ferrari), 1999 - FRENTZEN (Jordan), 2000 - SCHUMACHER (Ferrari), 2001 - MONTOYA (Williams BMW), 2002 - BARRICHELLO (Ferrari), 2003 - SCHUMACHER (Ferrari), 2004 - BARRICHELLO (Ferrari), 2005 - MONTOYA (McLaren), 2006 - SCHUMACHER (Ferrari), 2007 - Alonso (McLaren), 2008 - Vettel (Toro Rosso), 2009 - Barrichello (Brawn), 2010 - Alonso (Ferrari)
Now lets see last year pole by Fernando Alonso